Centuries of civilizationThe legend goes that Aeneas and his son Ascanio landed at Lavinio, founded the city of Alba Longa 1.230 years before the birth of the Roman Empire, on the western rim of the old volcanic crater that is today the basin of the Albano Lake.
Being a nodal point for migratory herding, it is the ideal location for Alba Longa to prosper for over five centuries until Tullo Ostilio, the third king of Rome, around mid-seventh century B.C. decides to put an end to the century-old rivalry with Rome by razing Alba Longa to the ground, starting a policy that his successors will follow for all defeated people including the Etruscans and the Carthage ones.This event marks the end to any further development for Alba Longa, and the area is chosen by the Romans to build villas and residential quarters.
The smooth and mild climate along with the beauty of the landscape, perfect for leisure and relaxation, attracts many prominent figures of the imperial and republican eras. Remains of the villas built by Clodius, Pompeius and Domitianus were found on the site.